The structure and word order of Russian sentences is very similar to English. However, Russian can be even more flexible than English in word order. This is because the ending of the words (inflection) show the relationships between the parts of a sentence. Because of this feature words can go in almost any order and still be understandable.
In Russian there is no definite article, the, and indefinite article, a or an. So in english "The dog" would be just собака in Russian. Similarly, "A cat" would just be кошка.
In Russian the present tense "to be" verb is not used. What this means is that Russians do not use am, are, and is when writing and talking to each other. There is past tense of the verb "to be" just the present tense is not used. However, a dashed may be used in between two nouns to show the place of the missing verb. For example, "A cat is an animal" would be "Кошка - животное."
There are some capitalization rules that are in Russian. Like English, Russian capitalizes proper nouns, however Russian does not capitalize....
There are only three spelling rules in Russian. Learning these rules will help you spell the end of nouns, adjectives, and verbs correctly.Rule 1:
Write и, never ы after к г х ж ч ш щRule 2:
Write а, never я and write у, never ю after г ж к х ц ч ш щRule 3:
Write unstressed е, but stressed о after ж х ц ч ш щ